The first thing the artist must procure must be a board of fine, close-grained wood, free from knots, to prepare and cut the several parts of his work upon. The best for this cutting-board is beech, sycamore, or pear-tree wood1; it should be, at the least, one and a-half inch thick, by twelve inches broad, and about eighteen inches in length.
It is preferred even thicker than stated, as continual planing2 of the surface to erase the marks of the knife soon reduces its thickness. Let it be squared perfectly every way to allow the T square to work accurately along its edge. As before stated, care must be taken, when the surface has become too much cut up, to have it replaned2, or otherwise the knife is apt3 to follow the marks in the board, and cut the paper irregularly upon the underside. The size of board mentioned will be found most useful for all ordinary purposes; should the work be4 of very large dimensions, of course another must be procured, proportionally larger. Two or three boards of close-grained deal will also be found of service for cutting obliquely5.
1. What other trees do you know in English? Write your answer below.
2. Give other forms of the verb “plane”
4. What kind of structure is used? What do you know about inversion?
5. Not directly